Demographic Profile of Patients who Underwent Thyroidectomy in a Tertiary Private Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015: A Preliminary Study
Mark Ivan Huang, MD
Edmund Ong, MD*
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the demographic profile of patients who underwent thyroidectomy in a local tertiary hospital. The study also aims to determine if there is association among the different clinical parameters in developing thyroid malignancy.
Methods: A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted between Jan 1, 2013 to Dec 31, 2015 in a tertiary private hospital. One hundred fifty three (158) patient charts were reviewed, a nd pa ti ents wh o un der went t hy roi dec t o my ( s ubto ta l thyr oi dec t om y, nea r t ota l thyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy) with final histopathologic report where included in the study. The demographic data and parameters associated with thyroid malignancy were tabulated and analyzed.
Results: 158 were included in this study with 131 (82.9%) females and 27 (17.1%) males, 129 (81.6%) belonged to 20-60 years old category and 29 (18.4%) belonged to <20 and >60 years old category. In our data, out of 158 patients, 65 patients (41%) had thyroid malignancy on final histopathologic report. Among the different clinical parameters, it was noted that sex was the only one who had positive correlation to malignancy. The study found that being male with thyroid nodule/s is associated with a 2 fold increase risk of having thyroid malignancy (OR 2.43, 95% CI, p = 0.039) as compared to females.
Conclusions: Majority of the patients who underwent thyroidectomy were female, between 20 to 60 years old, living within NCR, having multiple thyroid nodules at the time of presentation with variable sized thyroid nodules. Sex is strongly associated with thyroid malignancy; males have more than twice the odds of having thyroid malignancy than females.
Keywords: Thyroid malignancy, thyroid cancer, Philippines, Thyroid surgery, Risk Factors for thyroid cancer
*Adviser/Consultant, Department of Otorhinolaryngology